Amblyopia - Lazy - Eye

What is amblyopia?

Amblyopia or lazy eye is reduced vision in an eye despite the eye being physically normal. It sets in during early childhood.


What causes amblyopia?

Amblyopia has many causes. Most often it results from either a misalignment of a child's eyes, such as squinting eyes, or one eye focusing worse than the other due to undetected spectacle power. In both cases, one eye becomes stronger, suppressing the image of the other eye. If this condition persists, the weaker eye may remain like that for lifetime. Amblyopia normally only affects one eye, but it is possible to be amblyopic in both eyes if both are similarly deprived of a good, clear visual image.


What are the different types of amblyopia?

  • Before treating amblyopia, it may be necessary to first treat the underlying cause.
  • Glasses are commonly prescribed to improve focusing or misalignment of the eyes.
  • Squint Surgery may be performed on the eye muscles to straighten the eyes if non-surgical means are unsuccessful. Surgery can help in the treatment of amblyopia by allowing the eyes to work together better.
  • Eye exercises may be recommended either before or after surgery to correct faulty visual habits associated with strabismus and to teach comfortable use of the eyes.
  • Patching of the stronger eye may be recommended to improve the vision in the amblyopic eye.


Patching of eye






 

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